Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms and Causes

Type 2 Diabetes is a severe condition in which our body cells remain unresponsive to insulin and thus the blood sugar gradually becomes too high. It is the most common type of Diabetes. It is also known as non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or “adult onset” since this disease is being mostly seen in the adults, but now day’s children are also being diagnosed with this disease.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes:

Symptoms of type 2 Diabetes is not being detected at first. It develops very slowly and sometimes remains undetected for many years also until blood tests are done. Few symptoms are as follows
– Excessive tiredness
– Increased thirst or hunger
– Frequent urination
– Unwanted weight loss or weight gain
– Blurry vision
– Slow recovery of wound
– Appearance of dark patches usually under armpits, chin or neck known as acanthosis nigricans.
– Itchy skin
If you are going through any of the following symptoms for a long period of time please consult with a Doctor immediately. Type 2 Diabetes can become life threatening without proper treatment.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes:

Your pancreas makes a hormone naturally called insulin. Pancreas produces and discharges it when you eat; enabling your cells to divert glucose from the nourishment you eat into energy. Individuals with this disease make insulin, however their cells don’t utilize it just as they should. Specialists call this insulin resistant.
At the beginning, the pancreas makes more insulin to attempt to get glucose into your cells. But towards the end it can’t keep up, and thus sugar develops in your blood instead. Thus insulin resistance is a situation where though your body produces insulin but it is unable to use it properly.

Combination of few factors can also be the reason behind Type 2 Diabetes like heredity, being overweight or obese, metabolic syndrome, abnormal glucose production by the liver, cell signalling, broken beta cells.

Treatment:

Few steps to manage type 2 Diabetes apart from medication are as follows:

– Try to eat foods rich in fiber & healthy carbohydrates
– Eat fruits and vegetables. These will help to keep your blood glucose level steady.
– Try to eat at regular intervals.
– Try to avoid sweets, even if taken it should be occasionally only.
– Control your weight. Avoid junk foods.
– Keep your heart healthy by doing aerobic activity or regular exercise.

Consult with Doctors to know your actual diet if you are suffering from Type 2 Diabetes. There are some medicines which are needed at some point of time to keep the blood glucose level under control & also to stimulate your pancreas to release more insulin. The names of those are metformin, sulfonylureas, meglitinides, thiazolidinediones, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, glucagon- like peptide -1 ( GLP – 1) , sodium – glucose contransporter – 2 ( SGLT2 ) inhibitors.

However it is always advisable to consult with a Specialist first to know about your diet plan & medications if you are suffering from this chronic disease.